This APN funded training program and science-policy dialogue aims to provide young researchers and practitioners from Asia countries with advanced knowledge and skills in interactive changes of ecosystems and climate. The training was delivered to 16 international young scholars from 14 Asia countries and 10 domestic participants from CAS institutes and several universities, with diverse background of science and policy dimensions. It addressed various scientific aspects of interactions between ever changing ecosystem and climate, and focused on coupled climate-ecosystem processes and policy options that are critical in the region. See details here.
NSFC: Assessing Decadal Changes of Arctic Vegetation-Climate Based on Integrated Field-satellite Observations
Arctic vegetation is largely controlled by air temperature and sea ice, and often considered as an important indicator of regional climate and a driving force on regional and hemisphere climate. Therefore, it is critical to understand the trends and patterns of vegetation changes in the Arctic. This project is designed to investigate spatial and temporal patterns of vegetation growth, to calibrate satellite time series using data fusion and scaling techniques, and to get better understanding of seasoanal and inter- annual trends of Arctic vegetation in past 10-35 years with multi-sensor satellite data for better estimates of vegetation-climate changes cross scales, and therefore, more reliable parameters for simulation of Arctic carbon budget and climate change.
MOST 973: Land-atmosphere Interactions in Global Arid and Semi-arid Regions
In the past decades, human being has been intensifying their impacts on regional climate by transforming land surface. Large scale changes of landuse influence local, regional, even global climate by affecting how much solar energy is absorbed by the land surface and by exchanging climatically important gases with the atmosphere, but our understanding of these influences is still limited. This sub-project, funded by China National Basic Research Program (973), is designed to investigate the patterns, mechanisms, and tele-connections of drought over global drylands, to study the role of land-atmosphere interactions in the formation and evolution of decadal drought over arid and semi-arid regions, and to investigate the relative contributions of large-scale circulation and land-air interactions to decadal droughts based on coordinated field observations, satellite remote sensing, and coupled regional climate models.
CAS: Impact of Recent Urbanization on Regional Climate Change in China
As a component of CAS Carbon Science Program, this project brings together scientists from CAS, CMA, and several universities, and aims to enhance scientific understandings on general trends and heterogeneity of warming over major urban clusters in eastern China in past 30 years, to detect the signals of urban expansion in meteorological records and possible regional climate forcing, and to project future changes in air temperature in next 20-30 years with improved regional models. Major efforts are made to further correct and calibrate daily temperature records and metadata of over two thousands meteorological stations in the country, to quantify urban cover fractions and decadal changes at site and regional scales for gaining more reliable warming trends, and to improvement of model performance.
MOST 973: Earth Observation of Climate Change Sensitive Variables
This research, funded by China National Basic Research Program (973), aims to well take advantage of multidisciplinary collaborations between climate change sciences and remote sensing technologies to investigate the spatial characteristics of the climate change sensitive variables. Various methodologies for retrieving key parameters from field observations, airborne data, and space borne data were developed and tested. Multi-sensor, cross-platform synchronized observations and data assimilation were experimented to improve the capacity of remote sensing technologies for detecting changes of sensitive variables with reasonable accuracy. Two case study areas, namely Tibetan Plateau and the Yellow River Delta, were facilitated for 4-yr long coordinated observations that integrate field measurements, airborne remote sensing, and collection of satellite data at various spatio-temporal scales and spectral bands. The experimental data were used to improve earth observation technologies for climate change studies.
NSFC: ABCC Comparative Study on Global Environmental Change Using Remote Sensing (2012-2016)
USGS: Synthesis of Global Dryland Ecohydrology (2012-2015)
EU FP6: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation - Inner Mongolia Case (2008-2010)
CAS 100-Talent: Remotely Sensed Vegetation Processes and Regional Climate Change (2008-2011)
AASA: Towards a Sustainable Asia: Environment and Climate Change (2008-2010)
MOST 973: Aridification and Human Adaptation in Northern China (2006-2010)
NASA LCLUC: Application of Space-based Technologies and Models to Address Land-cover/Land-use Change in Arctic Russia (2009-2012)
US NSF: Seasonality of Circumpolar Vegetation-Climate (2008-2011)